Your complete guide to cats | Learn Cat grooming tips

Your complete guide to cats | Learn Cat grooming tips

We all adore cats. Jokes about becoming a “cat lady” are not uncommon these days. Cats can be mischievous. They purr to express either happiness or emotions. If you are planning to adopt a pet cat or already have one, here’s our guide to cats.

Feeding

Cats are carnivores. They get all their essential nutrient from meats, fish, etc. and should not be fed a vegetarian diet. Their body can only function well if they eat meat. A cat should be fed according to which life stage they are in. Kittens require food that are high in energy, whereas senior cats require high-quality digestible proteins. You can feed your cat wet or dry food or a mix of the two. Most cat food is labeled either kitten, adult or senior cat. Cats can moderate their own food intake but few can still overeat. They can put on weight easily, which can affect their quality of life. You should never make a change in your cat’s diet without consulting a vet. As they grow older, some cats might require a very specific diet. Freshwater must be given to cats at least once a day. Four human foods: garlic, liver, chocolate and onion must never be fed to a cat as they are poisonous for them.

 

Vaccinations

Cats and kittens have to be vaccinated, beginning at around eight or nine months and continuing throughout their life. The timing is important-too early, and the antibodies they receive from their mother will interfere with the immune response to the vaccine, thereby stopping it from functioning properly. Too late, kittens are left vulnerable to infection. Normally, it takes two doses of vaccines -three or four weeks apart. To maintain high levels of immunity a booster vaccine should be given one year later. There is a vaccine for cat flu which has to be given annually to your pet.

 

Grooming

Cats are extremely particular about their cleanliness. It’s normal to see them licking themselves. You must brush your cat’s coat regularly as it will help keep the fur in good condition, removes dirt and also helps in improving blood flow. Nails have to be clipped when they grow long and paws too, have to be cleaned whenever they get dirty. A bath is given if your cat gets dirty. For a bath, a mild shampoo must be used. It must be ensured that the cat is calm before giving a bath. Cotton should be placed in the ears to keep water out. After, the cat must be dried with a towel.

 

Playtime

Playtime is required for cats as exercise promotes health and happiness and also helps to maintain an ideal weight. A single hour of play extends the average lifetime of a cat by four hours. It also significantly improves the mental health of cats and decreases aggression and destructive behaviour. Behavioural problems can be a result of having no playtime. Exercise and playtime are vital in building a relationship with your pet cat.

 

Behaviour

What may seem like misbehaviour to us could be a normal cat behaviour. But you must look out for any changes in your cat’s behaviour since these could be a sign of stress, anxiety, aggression or pain. Any significant change in behaviour must be communicated to a vet.

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